This surah takes its name from verse 15 in which the word Saba has occurred, which implies it is the Surah in which mention has been made of Saba ( i.e the Sabaeans). Sural Al-Saba is the 34th Surah of the Quran comprising of 6 rukus, 54 verses, 884 words, and 3594 letters. It is a Meccan Surah that describes the life of Sulaiman and his father Dawood, a story about the people of Sheba, challenges and warnings against the disbelievers and promises related to the day of judgment.
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Period Of Revelation
The exact period of its revelation is not known from any reliable source. However, the style shows it was the initial period of Islam when the persecution was not tyrannical and the Islamic movement was suppressed only by resort to ridicule, false allegations and casting of evil suggestions in the minds of people.
Theme Of the Surah
The Surah deals with those objections of the disbelievers, which they were raised against the Holy Prophet’s message of Tauhid and the Hereafter, and about his Prophethood itself, mostly in the form of ridiculous allegations and taunts and mockery. These objections have been answered, sometimes by mentioning them and sometimes without mentioning them, and the discourse itself shows which objection is being answered at a particular place. The answers mostly take the form of instruction and admonition and argument, but at some places the disbelievers have been warned also of the evil consequences, of their stubbornness. In this connection, the stories of the Sabaeans and the Prophets David and Solomon have been related to impress this lesson: “You have both these historical precedents before you. On the one hand, there were the Prophets David and Solomon, who had been blessed by Allah with great powers and such grandeur and glory as had been granted to hardly any people before them. In spite of this, they were not proud and arrogant but remained grateful servants of their Lord. They were never rebellious. On the other hand, there were the people of Saba, who, when blessed by Allah, became proud, and were consequently so thoroughly destroyed and dispersed as to be remembered only in myths and legends. With these precedents in view, you may see and judge for yourselves as to which bind of the life is better: that which is built on belief in Tauhid and the Hereafter and the attitude of gratefulness to Allah, or that which is based on disbelief and shirk and denial of the Hereafter and the worship of the world.”
Benefits Of Reciting the Surah
- In a saying from Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (A.S) it is mentioned that whoever recites Surah Saba and Surah Fatir at night, he will remain under the protection of Allah (S.W.T) for the whole night. The reward for reciting this Surah is so great that when it is seen in the book of deeds, the reciter’s heart will be filled with joy.
- Wearing this Surah as a talisman or drinking its water removes fear from one’s heart and keeps one safe from enemies and wild animals.
- Recite Surah Saba daily for an increase in the divine blessing of Allah.
Surah Al-Saba gives the example of prophet Dawood and Sulaiman life who were always thanking Allah for his divine blessings. Dawood would praise Allah by reciting his Greatness that even animals, birds and plants would be mesmerized by his devotion. So, we can say that this Surah preaches us to be grateful to Allah who has provided us with such blessing and never forgets the teaching of Islam.