In 1971, we, the people of Bangladesh achieved our freedom through a bloody war. After that, to revivify our nation, to recover from whatever we have lost, a governmental system tried its best. To rule a country properly first of all a constitution is a must. 8 November 1972 manuscript of the constitution was accepted by the constituent assembly and it was effective since 17 December 1972.
Bangladesh’s constitution has four fundamental principles. the people of Bangla fought against the ruler of Pakistan to establish a free secular country where everyone can live with dignity and with enough facilities a human being should have. The 4 fundamental rights are
Parts of Bangladesh constitution :
Bangladesh Constitution has 11 parts and 153 articles in it. To maintain all kinds of social, political activities those principles were made.
Part 1: The republic
In part 1 there are 7 articles. And the seventh article has 7(A) and 7(B). Whatever this part of the constitution tells us about state language, state religion, citizenship, the territory of the republic, portrait of the father of the nation, etc. The national flag and capital are also included in this part.
Part 2: Fundamental principles of state policy
This part emphasizes many principles about state policy. Such as socialism and freedom from exploitation, the principle of ownership, secularism, and freedom of religion, the emancipation of peasants and workers, rural development and agriculture revolution, free compulsory education, public health, and duty, etc. Besides in this part of the constitution, international peace and security promotion is also an important topic.
Part 3:Fundemental rights
Part three consists of articles 27 to 47 (A). This part spotlights articles about laws of different kinds of freedom like freedom of movement, freedom of assembly, freedom of association, freedom of thought and conscience and speech, freedom of religion, freedom of profession or occupation, and so on.
Part 4: The executive
This part has 5 chapters. The first chapter is all about the national president’s rights, duty, and other stuff. It also tells us about his power of mercy, what happens if he dies or if he is absent.
Chapter 2: it’s about the prime minister and the cabinet
Chapter 2(A) : nonparty care taken government
Chapter 3: it’s about local government
Chapter 4:different services
Chapter 5:The attorney general
Part 5: the legislature
It has three chapter named the parliament, legislative and finalsical producers, ordinance making power.
Part 6:The judiciary (article 94-113)
From this part, we get to know about the supreme court, its work policy, administrative turbulence and subordinate court. This part has 3 chapters.
This part is about election commission and election laws.
Part 8:The comptroller and auditor general
Different kind of auditor general work process and laws mentioned here.
Part 9:The services of Bangladesh
This part has two chapters and it points at different kinds of public services and emergency provisions.
Part 10:Amendent of the constitution
Part 11: miscellaneous
Property of republic, international treaties, and some other important topic been discussed in this part.
Constitution a thing of pride in the independent country. And every citizen must obey it. So to read and know about this is a must.